Winemaking regions and cellars in Bulgaria

Wine production in Bulgaria has a long tradition. There were reports of winemakers in the Bulgarian lands from 5,000 years ago. It is believed that the Thracians, who inhabited the Bulgarian lands at that time were some of the best winemakers in the time of antiquity. Even one of the most revered gods of the Thracian is the god of wine - Dionysus.

From ancient times to the present days winemaking in Bulgaria is experiencing strong and weak periods. Currently more Bulgarian wines won prestigious prizes at international forums. This is a clear signal not only for the increased the production of wine, but also for the production of high quality products. But how is wine production distributed in the country?

Experts divide the country into 5 major winemaking regions: North Bulgarian, East Bulgarian, Sub-Balkan, South Bulgarian and Southwest Bulgarian. Each of these regions has its own specifics in climate, soils and number of sunny days, which determines the cultivation of different grape varieties.

Danube Valley or North Bulgarian region occupies the central and western part of the Danube Plain, the southern coast of the Danube and its adjacent areas. This area is characterized by a large number of sunny days. In this region it is grown the grape variety Gamza, which is a traditional Bulgarian variety. Another such variety is Pamid, which unfortunately is shifting to other more promising varieties of wines. Also in this region are grown vineyards with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay and others varieties. There are several wine cellars in this region and we can determine several major wine centers - Vidin, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo, Ruse and Svishtov. One of the most famous wineries in the area are Vidinska Gamza, Novoselska Gamza, Chateau de Val, Ruptsi Winery, Chateau Bugozone, Ruse Winery, Nisovo Winery, Chateau Danubia, Svishtov Winery, Winery Lopushna, Vinal Winery, Vinprom Lyaskovets.

In the eastern part of Bulgaria, covering lands of the Black Sea region, Dobruja and the Ludogorie is the Black Sea region (East Bulgarian). In this region the climate is favorable for growing grapes from the white grape varieties. The reason is warm autumn, which contributes to the accumulation of sugars in the grapes and the production of fine white wines. This is clearly visible from the fact that 53% of Bulgarian vineyards with white grapes grown in this region.

Popular varieties of grapes grown in the Black Sea region are Riesling, Traminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Ugni Blanc. Wineries in the area also grown and a local variety of white grapes - Dimiat. They produce some of the best Bulgarian dry and semi-dry wines, combining a pleasant fruity aroma, rich taste and elegant freshness. In the area is the oldest winery in Bulgaria established in 1891 - Winery Evksinograd.

The wine industry is concentrated in Varna, Bourgas, Targovishte, Shumen and Preslav. Examples of proven wineries in the area is wine cellar "Khan Krum" located in the Shumen plateau and 9km from the town of Shumen. Wine cellar “Black Gold” is located near Varna. In 2016 at the conducted contest Concours Mondial de Bruxelles the winery grabbed six medals - 3 gold and 3 silver. In the area there are other proven winemakers - Winery Varna, Sally Estate, LVK - Vinprom Targovishte, Khan Krum Winery, Vinex Preslav, Wine cellar Osmar, Tsarev Brod Winery, Chateau des Berges, Wine cellar Belogradets, Vinprom Alvina, Chateau Polihronoff, Wine cellar Boyar, Wine cellar Tohun, Blak Sea Gold Winery..

Quite normally, this is only part of all the wine manufacturers in the Danube Valley and the Balck Sea winery regions. If you are looking for more wineries please have a look at sector wine in

In the next article on this topic we will discuss the specifics of the other three wine regions in Bulgaria - Podbalkanski, South Bulgarian and South.